Fashion in the Age of Datini

Canvas Patterns

We usually draft a garment on a roll of paper, but I can't trace that back before Randle Holme in 1688.[1] Most garments were probably drafted directly on the cloth, either freehand or by tracing parts of an old garment.[2] But from the 14th century onwards, we hear of workers making "patrons" of garments from canvas or toile (linen or hemp cloth as contrasted with woolen or worsted drap). These "patrons" seem to be 'mockups' which could be copied in more expensive materials or used to test the fit of a garment without the wearer being present. I have four examples of this practice from England, Scotland, and France in the 14th and 16th century:

Does anyone know of other examples? Some of the dictionaries I checked are:

[1] Apparently Joy Spanabel Emery has a book on the introduction of mass-produced paper patterns for Bloomsbury Academic. The citation from 1688 is on page 97 of Randle Holme's book "Terms used by a Seamster. Patterns, Paper cut in fashions according as the Work is to be made."

[2] Edit 2021-11-18: Ann Crabb, The Merchant of Prato's Wife (University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbour, 2015) p. 49 “Also, Margherita at one point describes herself as a large woman, although not as large as the woman who was using her dress as a pattern.” See “Margherita, 27 Oct. 1397” (James and Pagliano (ed.) M. Datini, Le Lettere di Margherita Datini, M. Datini, Per la tua Margherita [p. 219 note 1]) Complete edition from 1977 and select edition from 2001

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